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Spinal Conditions

Spinal Conditions Terms and Definitions

Arthritis

Inflammation in a joint, resulting in pain, swelling, and limited movement.

Arthropathy

A disease or disorder of the joint.

Cauda Equina Syndrome

Yes. This is another answer.

Comminuted Fracture

A fracture in which a bone is broken into more than two pieces. Internal or external fixation devices are often used to maintain proper alignment of the fragments.

Compression Fracture of the Spine

A fracture of the vertebrae in which a vertebra is compressed due to trauma. Compression fractures can occur anywhere in the spine, but are most common in the mid-lower back.

Compression

The loss of vertebral body height either anteriorly, posteriorly, or both.

Congenital

Present or existing from the time of birth.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD) is a term referring to the normal changes and weakness in the intervertebral discs as the body ages. DDD is not actually a disease, but, nonetheless, can cause chronic pain and affect quality of life.

Foraminal Stenosis

Narrowing of the foramen in the spine, resulting in pinched nerves than cause sensations of pain, numbness, burning, and/or tingling in other parts of the body.

Herniated Disc

Extrusion of part of the inner core of the vertebral disc (the nucleus pulposus) through a defect in the disc’s outer wall (annulus fibrosus).

Kyphosis

An excessive curvature of the thoracic spine. It can result in a hunchback posture, and is most common in older women and is often associated with osteoporosis.

Lordosis

Excessive inward curvature of the spine. It usually presents in the lower back (sway-back), but can be in the neck as well.

Lumbar Spondylolysis

See Pars Inter-Articularis Injury.

Myelopathy

Loss of nerve function due to disorders of the spine.

Osteoporosis

A disorder in which bones are abnormally weak and brittle due to loss of bone density and thinning bone tissue.

Pars Inter-Articularis Injury

A stress fracture or weakness of the pars inter-articularis, the bony segment that connects the facet joints between vertebrae. Sometimes called Lumbar Spondylolysis, this condition is most often an athletic injury and is common in adolescents.

Pelvic Obliquity

Condition in which one side of the pelvis is higher than the other.

Post-Laminectomy Syndrome

Persistent back pain following laminectomy, a surgery to remove part of a vertebra that protects the spinal cord.

Radiculopathy

Commonly referred to as a pinched nerve. Weakness, pain, numbness, tingling, and/or burning sensations caused by pressure on a nerve in the spine.

Ruptured Disc

See Herniated Disc.

Sacroilitis

Inflammation in the sacroiliac (SI) joints where the upper and lower body meets.

Sacroiliac (SI) Joint Pain

Pain originating from the sacroiliac (SI) joint, but can present itself from the lower back down to the legs and feet.

Sciatica

A common term for lumbar radiculopathy. A condition in which compressed or irritated nerve roots along the sciatic nerve in the lower back cause pain, tingling, numbness, and/or weakness in the back of the hip, down the back of the thigh, and below the knee.

Scoliosis

A musculoskeletal disorder causing a sideways curvature of the spine.

Spinal Stenosis

Narrowing of the spinal column, typically caused by age and degeneration of the intervertebral discs and facet joints.

Spondylitis

Inflammation of the vertebrae.

Spondylolisthesis

A condition in which a vertebra slips forward. This condition cause back pain, leg pain, and other symptoms.

Spondylosis

Change in the structure of the vertebrae and spine.

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